Most common prostate cancer symptoms and signs

Dr. Med. Stephan Bauer of Klinik Hirslanden Zurich offers advice on frequent symptoms of prostate cancer to help men with and without a cancer occurrence in their family detect the condition at an early stage.

What are the most frequent symptoms of a patient with prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer symptoms are very rare nowadays. Symptoms occur very late in the course of the illness. Patients used to seek a doctor when suffering from bonepains or significant problems when urinating, symptoms which occur in the advanced stadium of the illness. The PSA-testing, rectal-digital examination as well as the MRI diagnostics which are being done preventatively nowadays, should discover the cancer early enough, long before the symptoms would start to occur.

Men which have a prostate cancer occurrence in their family should have themselves tested yearly by their house doctor from the age of 40. All other men between the age of 50 and 70. Should there be any conspicuousness and/or problems when urinating, a urologist should be consulted. Further testing by way of the modern MRI-diagnostic and if neccessary the MRI-conducted prostate biopsy, are harmless and should not evoke any fears. The importance lies in detecting the aggressive cancer cells early enough in order to be able to prevent any symptoms from arising.

As mentioned above, it is of highest importance to detect the prostate cancer as early as possible, however not all types of prostate cancer will need to be treated.

Do all patients have the same symptoms or does every patient have different ones?

As mentioned above, ideally the cancer gets detected early enough so that symptoms do not arise at all. Elderly men often experience the pre-symptoms of a bladder emptying disorder with a weak urinary spurt, dribbling and a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying (a feeling of residual urine in the bladder). The examinations of these symptoms can lead to the detection of a prostate carcinoma. It is a urologists aim however, to find the aggressive tumour before any symptoms occur.

Are there any chances of testing prostate cancer at home or is it necessary to see a doctor?

There are no provisional prostate cancer tests for at home. Men between the age of 50 and 70 should seek their house doctor or urologist once per year and do the provisional testing.

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